There are several benign processes that may occur in the lung:
Pleural effusion refers to the build-up of fluid around the lungs leading to an inability of the lungs to expand in the proper manner.
Causes of pleural effusions may be unknown, secondary to a malignant process within the body, or infection.
- chest discomfort
- shortness of breath.
Diagnosis is made with a standard history and physical. Chest x-ray and CT scan confirm the presence of a pleural effusion. A diagnostic and therapeutic approach is called a thoracentesis which involves inserting a needle into the chest and draining a potential cause for the effusion. Should the fluid recur, a patient may then become a candidate for surgical intervention.
Pneumothorax is also known as a collapsed lung.
Cause of pneumothorax may be secondary to thinned out areas of lung tissue or blebs, which rupture into the chest cavity resulting in the compression of normal lung tissue.
Symptoms are typically shortness of breath and chest pain.
Diagnosis is made on physical examination and confirmed with chest x-ray and possibly CT scan. The initial therapy will involve the placement o fa chest tube in order to allow the lung to inflate normally. Recurrence of a pneumothorax or one that is secondary to blebs in the lung tissue may require surgical attention.
There are various treatments and surgical interventions for lung diseases. After a thorough evaluation and diagnosis is complete, your surgeon will discuss the best options for your specific needs.